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Interactive Brokers Group Strength and Security


Strength and Security


Financial Strength

When placing your money with a broker, you need to make sure your broker is secure and can endure through good and bad times. The financial statements of Interactive Brokers LLC are available on our website for your review.

Note that Interactive Brokers LLC and its affiliates are owned by IBG LLC.




Important Strength and Security Facts about Interactive Brokers Group1


  • On a consolidated basis, IBG LLC exceeds $8.5 billion in equity capital, over $6.0 billion in excess of regulatory requirements.
  • IBG LLC's owners are our public company, Interactive Brokers Group, Inc. (18.5%) and the firm's employees and their affiliates (81.5%). Unlike at most other firms, where management owns a relatively small share, we participate substantially in the downside just as much as in the upside. Because of this vested interest, we run our business conservatively.
  • We manage our brokerage and market making businesses in separate companies, which are registered with local securities and/or commodities regulators. We maintain strict systematic and procedural separation between the two business lines and we do not commingle or utilize client-segregated assets for proprietary operations. Although certain affiliates of IBKR trade for their own account, our client-facing businesses do not conduct proprietary trading. We have completed the winding down of the bulk of our market making operations.
  • We hold no material positions in over-the-counter securities or derivatives. We hold no CDOs, MBS or CDS.
  • Our positions are marked to market daily and the resulting payables/receivables are reconciled to outside sources automatically.
  • Our real-time margining system marks all client positions to market continuously. All orders are credit vetted before being executed and positions in accounts with inadequate margin deposits are liquidated automatically.
  • IBG LLC reported $1.2 billion of pretax profit for 2019.
  • IBG LLC have no long-term debt.
  • Interactive Brokers LLC is rated 'BBB+'; Outlook Positive by Standard & Poor's

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Important Strength and Security Facts about Interactive Brokers LLC


How We Handle Client Assets


Client money is segregated in special bank or custody accounts, which are designated for the exclusive benefit of clients of IBKR. This protection (the SEC term is "reserve" and the CFTC term is "segregation") is a core principle of securities and commodities brokerage. By properly segregating the client's assets, if no money or stock is borrowed and no futures positions are held by the client, then the client's assets are available to be returned to the client in the event of a default by or bankruptcy of the broker.

A portion of client funds are typically invested in U.S. Treasury securities. Although permitted by CFTC regulations, given the credit concerns over foreign sovereign debt IBKR does not currently invest any client money in money market funds.

As a practice, IBKR holds an excess amount of its own money in these reserve and segregated accounts to ensure that there is more than enough cash to protect all clients.




Securities accounts with no borrowing of cash or securities


Securities client money is protected as follows:

  • A majority is invested in U.S. Treasury securities, including direct investments in Treasury bills, Treasury Notes and reverse repurchase agreements, where the collateral received is in the form of U.S. Treasury securities. These transactions are conducted with third parties and guaranteed through a central counterparty clearing house (Fixed Income Clearing Corp., a subsidiary of the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp.). The collateral remains in the possession of IBKR and held at a custody bank in a segregated Reserve Safekeeping Account for the exclusive benefit of clients. U.S. Treasury securities may also be pledged to a clearing house to support client margin requirements on securities options positions.
  • Client cash is maintained on a net basis in the reserve accounts, which reflects the long balances of some clients and loans to others. To the extent any one client maintains a margin loan with IBKR, that loan will be fully secured by stock valued at up to 140% of the loan. The security of the loan is enhanced by IBKR's conservative margin policies, which do not allow the borrower to correct a margin deficiency within days, as permitted by regulation. Instead, IBKR monitors and acts on a real-time basis to automatically liquidate positions and repay the loan. This brings the borrower back into margin compliance without putting IBKR and other clients at risk.
  • A portion is deposited primarily with large U.S. banks in special reserve accounts for the exclusive benefit of IBKR's clients. These deposits are distributed across a number of banks with investment-grade ratings so that we can avoid a concentration risk with any single institution. No single bank holds more than 5% of total client funds held by IBKR. As of September 2020, the following banks held deposits from IBKR (this list is subject to change over time at IBKR's discretion). Certain banks, which are affiliates or branches of foreign financial institutions, are subject to regulatory oversight by the Federal Reserve and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
    • Branch Banking and Trust Company
    • Bank of the West
    • BMO Harris Bank, N.A.
    • Citizens Bank, N.A.
    • KeyBank National Association
    • Standard Chartered Bank
    • SunTrust Bank
    • US Bank, N.A.

Current SEC regulations require broker-dealers to perform a detailed reconciliation of client money and securities (known as the "reserve computation") at least weekly to ensure that client monies are properly segregated from the broker-dealer's own funds. In order to further enhance our protection of our clients' assets, Interactive Brokers sought and received approval from FINRA (the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority), to perform and report the reserve computation on a daily basis, instead of once per week. IBKR initiated daily computations in December 2011 along with daily adjustments of the money set aside in safekeeping for our clients. Reconciling our accounts and client reserves daily instead of weekly is just another way that Interactive Brokers seeks to provide state-of-the-art protection for our clients.

Client-owned, fully-paid securities are protected in accounts at depositories and custodians that are specifically identified for the exclusive benefit of clients. IBKR reconciles positions in securities owned by clients daily to ensure that these securities have been received at the depositories and custodians.




Commodities accounts


Commodities clients money is protected as follows:

  • A majority is invested in U.S. Treasury securities, which are held at a custody bank in a safekeeping account segregated for the exclusive benefit of clients.
  • A portion is invested in U.S. Treasury securities and pledged to futures clearing houses to support client margin requirements on futures and options on futures positions.
  • A portion is held at commodities clearing banks/brokers in accounts identified as segregated for the benefit of IBKR's clients to support client margin requirements.
  • A portion is deposited primarily with large U.S. banks in segregated accounts for the exclusive benefit of clients. These deposits are distributed across a number of banks with investment-grade ratings so that we can avoid a concentration risk with any single institution. No single bank holds more than 5% of total client funds held by IBKR. As of September 2020, the following banks held deposits from IBKR (this list is subject to change over time at IBKR's discretion).
    • BMO Harris Bank, N.A.
    • Barclays Bank plc
    • Citibank, N.A.
    • JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.
  • As prescribed by commodities regulations, client funds are subject to real-time protection. IBKR performs a detailed reconciliation of client equity on a daily basis to ensure that client monies are properly segregated. This computation is submitted to the regulators daily.

Click below for the Interactive Brokers Firm Specific Disclosure Document required by CFTC Rule 1.55(k).
Interactive Brokers LLC Firm Specific Disclosure Document pursuant to CFTC Rule 1.55(k) and NFA Rule 2-36(n)




Securities accounts with margin loans


For clients who borrow money from IBKR to purchase securities, IBKR is permitted by securities regulations to utilize for financing purposes up to 140% of the loan value of the stock these clients hold with IBKR. In simple terms, IBKR borrows money from a third party (such as a bank or broker-dealer), using the client's margin stock as collateral, and it lends those funds to the client to finance the client's margin purchases. Typically, IBKR lends out a small portion of the total stock it is permitted to lend out. When IBKR lends clients' stock, it must put additional money into the special reserve accounts set aside for the benefit of clients.





Insured Bank Deposit Sweep Program


Under the Insured Bank Deposit Sweep Program, eligible IBKR clients can obtain up to $2,500,000 of FDIC insurance in addition to the existing $250,000 SIPC coverage for total coverage of $2,750,000. IBKR sweeps each participating client's free credit balances daily to one or more banks, up to $246,500 per bank, allowing for the accrual of interest and keeping within the FDIC protected threshold. Cash balances above $2,750,000 remain subject to safeguarding under the SEC's Customer Protection Rule 15c3-3, backed by the firm's equity capital, which exceeds $8.5 billion.

Click below for more information about the Insured Bank Deposit Sweep Program and its benefits. https://www.interactivebrokers.com/en/index.php?f=27462

Disclosure
  1. All numbers reported as of March 31, 2020.